Les glossaires et leurs relations avec les textes glosés

SÉANCE SCIENTIFIQUE d’HTL, SAMEDI 11 MARS 2017

Séance scientifique « Les glossaires et leurs relations avec les textes glosés », sous la responsabilité de Franck Cinato.
Avec la participation de Sinéad O’Sullivan, Anna Dorofeeva, Alderik Bloom et Pádraic Moran.

Programme et résumés

10h00-10h30 Sinéad O’Sullivan (Queen’s University, Belfast ; Irlande)

«Text, Gloss and Tradition in the Early Medieval West: Expanding into a World of Learning»

Marginal and interlinear glosses in early medieval manuscripts were not just ubiquitous but generated widely circulating gloss traditions that afford insight into the reception of key texts and transmission of learning. Vital to our understanding of glosses is the question of function, foregrounded by Gernot Wieland. His essential typology outlining different categories of annotations demonstrates how glosses clarify a text on both the literal and allegorical levels. Another equally important function has been observed by Wieland. Commenting on glosses on Prudentius’s Psychomachia, he detects a tendency to introduce matters “which, strictly speaking, are irrelevant to the poem.” Others have since paid attention to this practice, noting that glosses often point outwards to knowledge of all kinds. Glosses have, as Mariken Teeuwen argues, a collecting purpose. Building on current scholarship, this paper examines how glosses expand outwards beyond the text into a world of learning. The aim is to demonstrate that collectio, an essential constituent of early medieval scholarly practice and of medieval memoria, was frequently at the heart of glossing.

10h30-11h00 Anna Dorofeeva (Frankfurt)

«Miscellany practices in early medieval St Gall»

This paper presents the preliminary results of my postdoctoral project, which examines a group of early medieval manuscripts, known as miscellanies, from St Gallen. Miscellanies were perhaps the most typical product of early medieval scriptoria: to take one representative sample, between a quarter and a third of extant manuscripts made between c. 700 and c. 1000 from St Gallen are miscellanies. Because they are largely composed of fragments and short or ‘unimportant’ texts, miscellanies have been perceived as more or less arbitrary collections, and have consequently very rarely received scholarly attention. Yet my examination has shown that these manuscripts were very carefully compiled, as evidenced by the ways in which their texts are laid out on the page, written by certain hands using particular scripts, arranged in specific groups (sometimes by subject but also by a variety of other principles), and distributed between quires. This paper uses examples of such compilation techniques from several manuscripts from St Gall to explore the function of miscellanies in the early middle ages in the context of memorised learning, oral and written traditions, and knowledge transmission strategies.

11h10-11h40 Alderik Bloom (Marbourg, Allemagne)

«Groningen, Universiteitsbibliotheek 404: a Psalter between Interlinear Version and Glossary»

The manuscript currently known as Groningen, Universiteitsbibliotheek 404, contains the fragments of a psalter in the shape of a bilingual Latin-Old Frisian text ensemble, in which the vernacular interpretations are embedded in the Latin text. This curious fragment, dating from shortly before AD 1200, has hitherto generally been regarded as an interlinear version of the type commonly found in Old English and Old High German. However, this paper will argue that it may instead constitute something akin to a selection of glossae collectae. This means that the Latin-Old Frisian fragment contained in Groningen, Universiteitsbibliotheek 404 has to be situated somewhere in between interlinear versions on the one hand, and biblical glossaries of the Leiden/Rz group or the Mondsee glossaries on the other. The paper suggests that, like occasional interlinear and marginal glosses and glossaries, interlinear versions were constantly in flux, being continually redacted and adapted to different needs.

11h40-12h10 Pádraic Moran (NUI Galway, Irlande)

«De origine scoticae linguae: a seventh-century glossary and linguistic tract»

De origine scoticae linguae (also known conventionally as O’Mulconry’s Glossary) is a glossary produced in Ireland sometime in the late-seventh or early-eighth century. It is a collection of notes on a series of c. 884 Irish headwords, making etymological associations with words in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Brittonic and Norse. As such, it not only reveals much about early Irish linguistic thought, but also about the extent of knowledge of these other languages. This paper will offer an assessment of the glossary’s sources and methods and set in into the context of early Irish scholarship.

12h10-12h30 Franck Cinato (HTL)

«‘dLG’. The Liber glossarum digital edition. Short presentation of the web site»

The recent new Lib. gl. digital edition has been published online. I will present shortly the main functionalities to show possibilities of this digital edition.

Cette séance se tiendra:
Université Paris Diderot – Campus des Grands Moulins
Halle aux Farines – Salle 165 E, 1er étage
Entrée par l’Esplanade Pierre Vidal-Naquet, 75013 – Paris
M° et RER Bibliothèque François Mitterrand
Voir le plan d’accès.


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